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Antigravity, The Center Of The Universe, And Other Questions | January Lightning Round

  • čas přidán 20. 02. 2024
  • Grab the NordVPN deal ➼ nordvpn.com/joescott and get 4 extra months. Try it risk-free now with a 30-day money-back guarantee!
    In today’s Lightning Round video, I’m trying out a different format, fielding questions from Patreon supporters on topics such as how anti-gravity vehicles would work, where is the center of the universe, and the ins and outs of intermittent fasting.
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    0:00 - New Year, New Lightning Round Format
    2:40 - Two First Names? (Fishtail)
    5:12 - Intermittent Fasting (Dona)
    9:45 - Antigravity (Sigh)
    12:22 - Center of the Universe (Mark)
    16:23 - Sponsor - NordVPN
    19:08 - SCP Foundation (John)
  • Věda a technologie

Komentáře • 1,8K

  • @davidfirth
    @davidfirth Před 25 dny +146

    Yes I want to see that video

    • @mayishmold
      @mayishmold Před 25 dny +8

      salad fingers? 😭😭 what are you doing here 😭

    • @I.____.....__...__
      @I.____.....__...__ Před 25 dny +1

      @@mayishmold * _CREAM_

    • @Gabrong
      @Gabrong Před 25 dny +1

      ooooooh flock. did you find your spoons?

    • @Enrommie
      @Enrommie Před 25 dny

      The official guy?

    • @Rockthatlookslikeaface
      @Rockthatlookslikeaface Před 25 dny +1

      I find it bizarre that the phrase “don’t think about salad fingers. Think about [I forgot, probably corn or some other word that starts with a C]” popped into my head less than a week ago and now I see you commenting on a bunch of videos, as well as salad fingers in general.

  • @HidingFromDaylight
    @HidingFromDaylight Před 25 dny +19

    "Congratulations on your thermoregulatory superiority. I'm cold." Brilliant, absolutely brilliant.

  • @crackster234
    @crackster234 Před 25 dny +43

    A video about the center of the universe would be a great opportunity to talk about the "shape" of space (which has always been an intruiging thing to me). I'd watch it!

  • @Dr.Drewpdog
    @Dr.Drewpdog Před 26 dny +62

    I feel like you hit the nail on the head with the center of the universe. We're in the middle of our observable universe all the time.

    • @maolcogi
      @maolcogi Před 24 dny +10

      Exactly. The "observable" universe only means what we can observe from our point of view. Our point of view will always be the center of our observable universe.
      Now are we at the center of the universe itself? Probably not, but how could we possibly tell when we can only OBSERVE so much?

  • @bronsonjohnson9019
    @bronsonjohnson9019 Před 25 dny +7

    I was going to post a smug comment about the cold as I live in Winnipeg and normally at this point of the year, it’s -30c. But elniño has us at 0c. It’s wonderful and I’m full of joy.

  • @davidmacphee3549
    @davidmacphee3549 Před 26 dny +13

    Right off the bat before I watch the rest of the video, I have to thank you for giving temperature in both Fahrenheit and Celsius. As a Senior Canadian, We have to understand both. They are so different in feeling.
    You are in Texas and have gone through wild temperatures yourself. Zero up here in Toronto is okay.
    Zero down there is bad. Real bad.

  • @greggesaman535
    @greggesaman535 Před 26 dny +294

    A thought on the center of the universe question. We are at the center of the observable universe (the part of the universe we can observe) - which has continually grown over time as our capability to see further and back in time has grown. However, that doesn't mean we're in the center of the actual physical universe - and almost certainly are not. Any other alien race would also be at the center of their observable universe, and they may not even see our galaxy at all. Bottom line, there is almost certainly way more to the universe than we're remotely aware of, and where we are in that larger universe - we have no way to know. Mind bending stuff.

    • @m.h.6470
      @m.h.6470 Před 26 dny +44

      Right. A good analogy is swimming somewhere in the ocean with no land in sight. There is no way of knowing, where you are in the ocean, but from your perspective, you are in the middle of the part of the ocean that you can see.

    • @bobbyhanson346
      @bobbyhanson346 Před 26 dny +12

      Well said.
      Most likely, the universe doesn't even have a center.
      Unbounded spaces, like Euclidean 3D space, don't have a center. Compact spaces without boundaries also don't really have a center.
      Many of us imagine the Big Bang as a giant ball of expanding matter and energy with a propagating boundary to that explosion, but no one knows whether or not the universe has a boundary.

    • @zakkus
      @zakkus Před 26 dny +8

      Yeah i think the Big Bang idea messes with people. Its not (as i understand it) that the universe was a single point that then became infinitely big, but that the universe was still infinitely large, and all the points in it were "on top of" each other. That probably breaks your intuition because we dont deal with infinites in our daily lives

    • @jdogi1
      @jdogi1 Před 26 dny +5

      We should just say that "the observable universe" is synonymous with "the universe". Since, for all practical purposes, they are the same... at least for now.

    • @viciousfish6145
      @viciousfish6145 Před 26 dny +3

      @@zakkus What if there is something bigger than the universe?
      What if our universe was just a grain of sand in a desert of many universes, each being reborn and recreated?

  • @matthewconway625
    @matthewconway625 Před 25 dny +8

    I found this format much more enjoyable. Sadly, I usually skip the Lightning Round episodes but this one kept me tuned in. Yes to a center of the universe video!

  • @LeonMRr
    @LeonMRr Před 25 dny +35

    Hey Joe, PhD candidate in physics here. About the center of the universe stuff there are some things I need to explain, first we don't know the shape of the universe, based on current models (FLRW stuff for who wants to search) it could be 3 things: A 3d hypersphere with constant positive spatial curvature, a 3d plane with zero curvature and a constant negative curvature (called ADS space), the latter 2 would be infinite and the first, based on observations, should be 150 times bigger than the observable universe (at least), but in all cases we could consider ourselves in the center of the expansion, as well as any other point in the universe (because the big bang ocurred everywhere) so your explanation was right all along!

    • @paulc2945
      @paulc2945 Před 25 dny +1

      I like to try to think 2d, if you told a shadow being that everything was on the same plan he would not be able to wrap his head around it because he is on this plan everything else cant be here.

    • @richardsilverwings
      @richardsilverwings Před 25 dny

      the marksman holes would drive the 2d shadow mad

  • @seionne85
    @seionne85 Před 26 dny +26

    I can't believe you're approaching 2 million subscribers, it feels like that 1 million special was last week! 😂 thanks for all you do, and I love this idea! Should get some great research ideas

  • @ontilt76
    @ontilt76 Před 25 dny +3

    This was a nice change of pace. It's nice to hear someone say they don't know pr aren't sure. Instead of just making it up. It was a very honest and real video. Plus I like when you ask the audience questions. Yes please find out more about the center of the universe.. 👍👍

  • @aremoreequal3288
    @aremoreequal3288 Před 26 dny +11

    I have plenty of friends who get called by their last name and their last name isn't even close to a first name for someone else. Being called by your last name is no big deal. There is the question as to whether or not they're mistaking your last name for your first name in your case, but it's not uncommon for people to be called their last names instead of their first, depending on all sorts of factors.

  • @jaytee6960
    @jaytee6960 Před 26 dny +126

    lol there's 2 things that keep me coming back to your videos mate: 1. the content (science); and 2. the humour. Please don't stop either of them. :)

  • @mashrien
    @mashrien Před 21 dnem +1

    I've been accidentally "intermittent fasting" for like 30 years.. Found out in late elementary or middle school that breakfast doesn't really agree with me, and I'm usually too busy to ever eat lunch. So from then on (and I'm almost 40) I've really only ever eaten dinners. Occasionally if I'm really physical some morning, I'll eat an energy bar or something for lunch, but that's about the extent of it. Joe is completely correct, after a while, you just don't feel hungry. I never feel hungry until around 6pm, and I usually eat around 7-8pm.. But waking up, the whole morning and well into the evening, I never get the hunger signal or really even think about food. I've just become so used to it that breaking the cycle and eating a lunch tends to actually make me sick anymore.
    Meds are a good issue to bring up though, as Dona does, because I've got a couple I'm supposed to take in the morning with food and I don't- I just moved them to evenings around/after dinner if they upset my stomach taking them without food. But just like fasting, ones that would make me nauseous stopped doing that and my body quickly adjusted.
    Edit: Oh, and don't use me as a case study, because no, I don't lose weight or anything. I tends to eat large portion dinners so I'm still getting probably 1500cal/day, and I drink teas that aren't 0-cal, so probably another 300cal there starting around 1-2pm and 1k-1.2k dinners, and often a coke with dinner.
    I'm still sitting about 180lbs at 5'7", legs are large from 15 years BMX racing in my youth, so still a lot of muscle mass there.. But otherwise avg build.

    @DEADisBEAUTIFUL Před 25 dny +13

    Saddens me that due to my financial circumstances I will never see my own questions ever even come to light on this channel. I adore Joe and all of the incredible work that he and his team do for the subscribers of his channel. But, unfortunately, it does make me sad that (and this isn’t exclusive to his channel) no matter what…my being thrust into poverty (gotta love that a dance and theatre instructor cannot afford to live outside of the poverty level that I am stuck in at this time) leaves me somewhat invisible to my favorite channels. So, all of you who are financially capable of funding this channel, I do so hope that you are able to continue to ask the questions that are at least interesting to the rest of us! Now, on to the video! Thank you, Joe. And thank you, to those who can ask these interesting questions!!!

    • @vicariously143
      @vicariously143 Před 25 dny +5

      Same but he's only one dude and i think he's trying to make what he's worth. These channels are a business in the end. We're just fortunate we get to watch it for free.

  • @GigAHerZ64
    @GigAHerZ64 Před 25 dny +2

    In center of universe and making sense of it through the expansion we observer:
    1: Open Microsoft Paint
    2: Place a bunch of dots on it
    3: Copy that same image to have second such "dotty" image
    4: Enlarge the second picture by 5%
    5: Place it on top of the original - pick one dot (think of it as our Earth or Sun or whatever) and align the enlarged picture's dot with that one
    6: Observe, how everything else is suddenly "moving away" from the picked dot
    You can do that with every dot by just shifting the second image over the first one. ;)

    • @PBeringer
      @PBeringer Před 23 dny +1

      Yes! So glad someone mentioned it. This is the best demonstration of how observations made anywhere appear to be at the centre of the universe. It kinda surprises me it's not used all the time by people explaining the concept; it certainly made several dollars worth of pennies drop for me.

  • @Turtlesbekool
    @Turtlesbekool Před 25 dny +2

    Would definitely appreciate a video on the center of the universe! My gut instinct is that you nailed it, but would appreciate some good research on it that I can reference to my friends and sound smarter than I am 😂
    Also, I definitely like this form of Answers with Joe a lot better. Feels more genuine than scripted content (not to say that I don’t enjoy those videos also!) and seems more fair to the ones asking the questions. Appreciate all that you do for the sci-fi/STEM/oddball community!

  • @jerrys.9895
    @jerrys.9895 Před 26 dny +4

    I think the reason major movie studios haven't dipped into SCP IP is because all the articles are released under Creative Commons. You can make money off your project, but you also have to allow *it* to be used in future projects, so effectively copyright doesn't exist in an ever-monetizing way. I think the concept of the Foundation itself has already inspired pop culture. "The Warehouse" on sci-fi comes to mind. Also, don't forget that Dr. Who's Weeping Angels came out after SCP-187, and they were considered a very novel monster. Who's to say where that inspiration came from?

    • @Skylancer727
      @Skylancer727 Před 21 dnem

      SCP-173 was what started the entire series and as a result is also one of the most ridiculed for being sloppy and stolen ideas. The original file was just posted on a forum spontaneously, used the weeping angles as the function, and stole images of a Japanese artwork for the photos. I mean it functioning like a weeping angle came out within months of Blink showing up on TV or a year after a short story.
      This has been argued about for years what to do about it and around 2018 they openly tried to redesign 173 to distance themselves from this. But the idea of old peanut is just too engrained in the community so people still use the old model all the time. In 2022 they even completely replaced the images on the wiki.

    • @KingNedya
      @KingNedya Před 15 dny

      I got curious so I looked into it, and the first Doctor Who episode to contain weeping angels, "Blink", aired June 9th, 2007, whereas they were first added to the SCP Foundation in the form of SCP-137 on June 22nd, 2007. Apparently, this also happened to be the date of the creation of SCPs as a whole, as 137 was the first one.
      I know very little about both Doctor Who and SCP, but what I found leads me to believe that the weeping angel came before SCP-137, and someone simply saw the Doctor Who episode, and soon after essentially wrote fanfiction about it and it became an internet culture phenomenon. But weeping angles came first, predating not just SCP-137, but SCP as a whole.

  • @Jasonberry1519
    @Jasonberry1519 Před 26 dny +38

    Personally, I think the SCP foundation would be better served as a series than a movie. There's just so much good content!

    • @Vaeldarg
      @Vaeldarg Před 26 dny +4

      I can see there being a movie adaptation of the "Control" video game, which seems to be based on the SCP foundation setting. It has elements of the setting, but also a cohesive story within it as well.

    • @aserta
      @aserta Před 26 dny +2

      Evan Royalty's SCP series. Shame he didn't get the funding for his SCP movie. He's doing a Stalker (Chernobyl game) movie short now.

    • @AndrewJohnson-oy8oj
      @AndrewJohnson-oy8oj Před 25 dny +2

      Yes, as an anthology type series.

    • @OneBentMonkey
      @OneBentMonkey Před 25 dny +3

      I, too, think a series would be preferred over a movie. Otherwise, I envision it generating yet another Hollywood mega-franchise cow that gets milked to death with movies of ever plummeting quality.

  • @darrinsheppard3114
    @darrinsheppard3114 Před 22 dny +1

    Love that a guy with a channel with 2 mil subs in straight up giving 0 fugs shooting in pajama pants. Love it man. Keep up the great content sir. Look forward to your videos every week.

  • @SangoProductions213
    @SangoProductions213 Před 23 dny +1

    Basically on anti-gravity: If we go with the strict "It's just opposing gravity"... it doesn't really have an effect on turbulence. At least not directly.
    We'd have to totally redesign airplanes actually, due to lift being created by wings no longer being needed. We might end up with vehicles closer to classical rockets, which try to just wedge through the air. This would definitely create less turbulence compared to having giant drag-inducing wings that interact with the atmosphere.
    (This does assume that you would actually need to be in the atmosphere at all - which is entirely speculative, as to be expected.)

  • @BruceHurley
    @BruceHurley Před 26 dny +16

    Seeing how well you did with the off the cuff remarks, I'm surprised you don't do this more often. It's got to save you a ton of time and even though it's not as informative as your deeper dive stuff, it's still compelling. At least you could throw it into the mix on a regular basis for some variety for the viewers and a bit of a break for you and your team.

  • @anthonyh2467
    @anthonyh2467 Před 25 dny +1

    this video felt more genuine than usual. I really loved it. I love your channel so much

  • @joemannchen
    @joemannchen Před 25 dny +2

    OMG the same “where are you going with that gun in your hand?” thing happened to me at college too! Even more embarrassing by that time I had Heard the Jimi Hendrix song… 4:35

  • @RafaelTopgunStudios
    @RafaelTopgunStudios Před 26 dny +90

    I died laughing at the start of the video when you told the nordics to please not say anything regarding the temperature. I'm Norwegian and I literally thought "That's not even cold" and felt the urge to comment something straight before you said what you said. It felt like you actually spoke directly to me! Hilarious. You hit the nail

    • @thombro705
      @thombro705 Před 26 dny +15

      Canadian who felt the same 👋

    • @88marome
      @88marome Před 25 dny +4

      Tell me about it. It’s been between 2 and 4 degrees celsius here for a couple of days and I haven’t needed to use gloves that much😂

    • @I.____.....__...__
      @I.____.....__...__ Před 25 dny +1

      @@thombro705 And Russians.

    • @clayhackney3514
      @clayhackney3514 Před 25 dny +2

      New England and great lakes area people are the same here in the US

    • @Inspirement
      @Inspirement Před 25 dny +7

      Same, Northern Swede here. I live about an hour south of the Arctic Circle. Anyway, while I do have that same "that's not even cold" reactions, I do appreciate the fact that infrastructure like people's houses are built with the climate of the area in mind. And the houses in the south US would be much less prepared for the cold than us up here where -30 in the winter is considered a bit chilly. And also cold feels different in different areas too. I was down south to visit family over Christmas, and the -10-ish they had down there felt about as cold to me as -25-30 does up here. I think it's got to do with the humidity in the air and stuff.

  • @gillifish
    @gillifish Před 25 dny +1

    Love the chat about intermittent fasting!!! Super helpful for gut microbiome too, fasting has tons of benefits as well as improved insulin resistance etc. I love the amount of research on it! But there may very well be some downsides too. Important to do what feels right :) (ie. Stress hormones, ketosis can seem to sometimes increase cortisol) but eating carbs and experiencing ketosis in different periods from what I’ve learned can mitigate that.

    • @-_-j
      @-_-j Před 22 dny


  • @patrickiamonfire965
    @patrickiamonfire965 Před 25 dny +1

    Hey Scott Joe some of us actually uses last name as a formality or respect or sometimes intimate or attention seeking. It actually in culture,tradition,family thing. And there’s the fact that Scott can be used as a first name just like Joe so people uses might use it as preference. Than there’s the thing that people tend to use the middle name again as a preference.
    About the SCP thing I believe it got big because it was a community thing. Its always written by professional writers but by your everyday person who took their free time to do it. So I believe the part of the magic is that it is a community thing. If they’re going to make a movie they need good writing.

  • @ssokolow
    @ssokolow Před 26 dny +1

    Re: The size of the universe, I remember reading that scientists can hypothesize about the total (i.e. outside the observable portion) size of the universe based on our measurements and models of things like the CMB and I think I read that the current estimates put it at something like 130x the observable universe.

  • @joekelly7505
    @joekelly7505 Před 25 dny

    “Where you goin’ with that gun in your hand…?”
    Ugh, I feel this.
    Also, “Whaddya know, Joe?”
    More rare: “Eat at Joe’s… what’s cooking?”

  • @VAXHeadroom
    @VAXHeadroom Před 25 dny

    Turbulence: 1) I love the idea of just getting above the atmosphere, specifically because there'd be no air drag and the atmosphere is pretty much gone only about 60 miles (100km) up.
    But 2) turbulence in an airplane is (I think) mostly caused by the lift of the wings crossing into more/less dense pockets of air. If we had anti-gravity then presumably we could create thrust with the same mechanism and make our vehicle as streamlined as possible so that flying through the air would cost as little energy as possible (we try to do that now, but need lift to fly). So with no lift we would cross into these air pockets of more/less density without the air density mattering nearly as much, so I think the turbulence the people in the vehicle would experience would be drastically reduced, maybe so much that it would effectively be eliminated.

  • @Duane_Day
    @Duane_Day Před 26 dny +45

    I follow about 30 creators but Joe Scott has probably some of the best stuff out there. The stories are super interesting and Joe has such a great sense of humor. Thank you CZcams algorithm!!

    • @mr.mcgibblets7048
      @mr.mcgibblets7048 Před 26 dny +3

      you should try the why files

    • @armynation31B5V5P
      @armynation31B5V5P Před 25 dny +1

      ​@mr.mcgibblets7048 I'm definitely with you on that!!!
      The Why Files is just as good as Joe!!!

    • @Lomogrammaton
      @Lomogrammaton Před 25 dny +1

      I second The Why Files ☝️

    • @Lomogrammaton
      @Lomogrammaton Před 25 dny +2

      Speaking of, wasn’t there supposed to be an upload today?

  • @ruthanneseven
    @ruthanneseven Před 25 dny

    When I ffast, I do up to 3 days. I don't feel hungry, I do feel more energized. Whenever I eat, I fall asleep. It wrecks my circadian rhythms! Then I'm totally screwed at 12:30am, watching Joe! 😂

  • @AshtonCoolman
    @AshtonCoolman Před 25 dny

    I'm really glad that so many people are into the SCP universe. There's so much potential there. I feel it would need to be a series. Some SCPs are self contained stories and some go together in the different canons/realities within the SCP universe. It would be wildly entertaining to a broad range of people.

  • @kylieungewitter4850
    @kylieungewitter4850 Před 26 dny

    I live in Dallas but I'm from Massachusetts. When the "feels like" was -2°, I kept warm the New England way. DUNKIN DONUTS!!! The power of Dunks compels you!

  • @atashgallagher5139
    @atashgallagher5139 Před 8 dny +1

    This is just me but when I've done intermittent fasting I always start with the first day as like a 24 - 36 hour fast instead of the normal routine I'm doing like a 12 or 14 or 16 hour fast. That seems to be easier to do than the regular fast and then you are fully desensitized to the hunger and fasting and feel even better than you would just normally acclimating to it since your next fast is even easier.

  • @TheGavric
    @TheGavric Před 26 dny

    I can hear the cold in your voice.
    I live in the same city. The temperatures were cold, no matter who you are or where you're from. I enjoyed it. I was out in short sleeved shirts. I like the cold. My partner is from Wisconsin and wears sweaters when the temperature drops below 70°F. Humans be different. Stay warm.
    I once worked with a guy that called me Scott (my name is Peter), despite multiple corrections. He once called me Scott immediately after someone else corrected him. He never used my proper name.

  • @mroch5836
    @mroch5836 Před 26 dny +42

    This was a great video! Loved the 'relaxed' feel to it and think Joe's Journey to the West Texas Flesh Pit would be an incredible video. One of my favorite things about your channel is the feeling that you'd be a fun person to have a beer with; and this video highlights that. Keep it going!

  • @andreroy55
    @andreroy55 Před 25 dny

    Giggling in Canajan. Actually, it's warmer than that here today. :)
    As for turbulance and anti-grav, unlike an airplane, you're not using the air for support and propulsion. Kind of like in a car, the wind will hit you, and affect you, but because the wheels are your support and propulsion, it's not as much as if the air was your sole support. Saying that, my father was blown off the road one icy day when the road left a forested area and went into a clear area, so your mileage may vary. :)

  • @SpydersByte
    @SpydersByte Před 23 dny +1

    Yes would definitely like to see the question answered more in depth. But personally I think its impossible for us to know unless we literally saw like, the wall at the end of the universe or something. Because as long as we DONT see that, well we live on a globe and we can only see a certain distance out from it and therefore there's a giant sphere that represents our field of view and as long as there isnt a barrier/an "edge" somewhere then we cant really say where it ends or whether or not we're in the center of it. It's like if you were in an olympic size pool with fog all around you so that you could only see a few feet in front of you, as long as you werent less than a few feet from the edge youd have no idea of where you actually are in that pool.

  • @green7449
    @green7449 Před 24 dny

    The legendary flesh pit is one of the coolest stories anyone has ever come up with. I can’t wait for the end result of your story. Maybe include Wendigoon, cause he’s where I learned about the flesh pit. ❤

  • @Flutterfly2012
    @Flutterfly2012 Před 14 dny

    I picked up the analogy of an expanding balloon to understand the universe, years ago. The idea is that you draw stars and whorls and a "you are here" on it. The balloon deflated is the moment of the big bang. As you start to inflate the balloon, the volume inside is time expanding. Everything expands apart, and what you can see gets smaller.

  • @CyberSamurai4Life
    @CyberSamurai4Life Před 18 dny

    As a person who listened to Jimi Hendrix through junior high, I do find it fascinating that you never heard of Hey Joe until university. You’re a weird man Joe Scott. But I still love you.

  • @gtbkts
    @gtbkts Před 26 dny +33

    As someone who hasn't eaten breakfast, or a traditional lunch( I usually eat lunch at 4pm ), I'm never feeling hungry unless I somehow forget to eat till dinner(8pm). I guess I've been intermittent fasting my whole life😅

    • @zoicon5
      @zoicon5 Před 26 dny +9

      I'm pretty much the same. I haven't eaten breakfast regularly for years, and these days I often don't eat lunch until late afternoon. But it's just what feels normal to me. I didn't do it in search of health benefits (and haven't received any that I'm aware of).

    • @mr.mcgibblets7048
      @mr.mcgibblets7048 Před 26 dny

      i just made a comment like that. lol. I never thought about it. but nice to be validated

    • @lifesbutastumble
      @lifesbutastumble Před 26 dny +1

      Same here. Even when I feel hungry, pushing past it also comes easy to me

    • @divi2747
      @divi2747 Před 26 dny +2

      I am totally the opposite. need just a little something to eat every few hours or i don't focus so well.

    • @kvt-cg3og
      @kvt-cg3og Před 25 dny +1

      That’s definitely how it feels for the first few days of IF, but if you can persevere through it I find I’m far more focussed than when I eat throughout the day.
      I actually ended up doing IF during my med school finals many years ago and it certainly improved my concentration.

  • @nrdkraft
    @nrdkraft Před 23 dny

    A good slant to keep in mind about the center of the universe and the size of the universe is that even in science we have to be extremely mindful to what we or someone else means when one uses the term “the universe”, as “the universe” does not often mean “the universe”. When saying “the universe” we often actually mean “the visible universe”. I think a good starting point at explaining things can be by saying that if we were to ask for example if we are closer to one side of the edge of the universe or not it is like asking if one side of the horizon closer to us. By simple definition the horizon is the distance all around us at which we can’t see the ground anymore, tho for a different reason for what causes our universal horizon, which is all the so-called “edge of the universe” is . And just like if you walk around, then what is considered the horizon moves with you, or from the perspective of someone standing somewhere else (comparatively like someone on another planet in another galaxy), their horizon is where their horizon is; therefor you are always at the center of the horizon from your perspective, but that’s not because the world is literally shaped around us, it’s just a perspective thing. Likewise the “edge of the universe” is just a perspective thing which would be different from every location in the universe. And finally just as we know that what is within our horizon does not constitute “the whole world” and that there is more earth beyond our horizon, there is likewise more universe beyond our cosmic horizon, even tho we usually call all that we see within that “the universe”; it’s actually just “the visible universe”, but “the (whole or entire) universe” exists far beyond that, tho we basically can never see the rest from here.

  • @Athari8178
    @Athari8178 Před 25 dny +1

    The center of the universe is definitely something that we could use a full video on. The way I see it is that we never left the singularity, it simply expanded (and cooled off and left a lot of space). But to say everything is in the center seems a bit silly. Everything used to be in the center, but as the singularity expanded things didn't stay centered, they went all over the place. But I don't understand why we treat the universe as a greater unknown than any black hole. The universe is just a black hole that keeps expanding. Thus, we can look at the smaller black holes in our universe to see what the outside of our universe looks like, while also seeing the inside of a black hole, because that is the universe.

  • @Kaesekuchen002
    @Kaesekuchen002 Před 24 dny

    Hey Joe, I really enjoy the more spontaneous lighting round format! This just reminded me that I should probably finally look into supporting you there. Keep up the great work!

  • @KastorFlux
    @KastorFlux Před 25 dny

    Most days I eat one meal and don't snack. I've been that way my whole life. If I eat at the same time every day, then I'll get very hungry at that time of day. I think that's supposed to happen. When I'm busy and can't eat on a schedule then I stop getting hungry on a schedule. Some days I forget to eat at all, sometimes for several days. I don't think that's very good because realizing you haven't eaten because you get dizzy and start to black out probably isn't the right way. For me, I try to set an alarm to remind myself that it's meal time so that I don't forget or push through it when I'm busy. The hungry feeling only lasts about an hour and then just goes away if it even comes at all. It's a struggle, and I'm not sure if growing up poor and hungry changed how hunger works for me, or if it was just a coincidence. Be careful with yourself, you only get one of those.

  • @michaelbouvette3055
    @michaelbouvette3055 Před 25 dny +1

    If Joe did honest movie reviews I’d be here for it. Stuckmans entire sub list would be here for it.

  • @pirtatejoe
    @pirtatejoe Před 26 dny +34

    The thing to really wrap you head around is that the galaxies are NOT "moving" away faster than light. They aren't moving anywhere. Space itself is expanding. It is (likely) expanding at the same rate everywhere, but when we look a billion light years away, we are looking back in time a billion years and seeing that portion of the universe as it was a billion years ago, not as it is now if we were right there.

    • @lifesbutastumble
      @lifesbutastumble Před 26 dny +5

      The universe itself keeps on expanding and expanding,
      In all of the directions it can whiz;
      As fast as it can go, the speed of light, you know,
      Twelve million miles a minute and that's the fastest speed there is.
      So remember, when you're feeling very small and insecure,
      How amazingly unlikely is your birth;
      And pray that there's intelligent life somewhere up in space,
      'Cause there's bugger all down here on Earth! 😂

    • @Falcodrin
      @Falcodrin Před 26 dny +5

      Well yes space is expanding but galaxies are moving. Andromeda is gonna run into the milky way.

    • @pirtatejoe
      @pirtatejoe Před 26 dny

      @@Falcodrin Yes, but galaxies aren't moving faster than the speed of light like he said. It's space that's growing at that pace.

    • @ReivecS
      @ReivecS Před 25 dny +3

      Pretty sure he did say "relatively" somewhere in there. In which case, there are things that can move "relatively" faster than light away from us.

    • @jerryfick613
      @jerryfick613 Před 24 dny

      Imagine I am traveling eastbound at 65 mph and a cop approaches me westbound at 65 miles mph. If the cop pointed a speed gun at my vehicle(without compensation) the speed gun would indicate our relative velocity at 130 mph.
      However a stationary speed gun would indicate our true velocity at 65 mph.
      So if we are moving away from the center of the universe in one direction at 93,000.25 miles per second and another star system was moving on the same plane, directly away from us at 93,000.75 miles per second, our relative speed would be 186,001miles per second. As the speed of light(C) is 186,000 miles per second(in a vacuum) that star system would be outside of our visible universe. We would be moving away from the light's source faster than the light could travel, even though our true velocity was just over half of C
      As a result we could not observe or measure anything about that star system, it is impossible to test whether time dilation would occur. However, since we were only traveling over C in relation to each other, one would think the dilation would be cancelled out.
      I have now overstressed my brain and need to let it rest for a minute or two, lol.

  • @nickbob2003
    @nickbob2003 Před 25 dny

    I am from wisconsin and my father always told me that cold is relative. He has said that some of the coldest nights he has ever had were when he was stationed in hawaii and he has slept outside in snowstorms before.

  • @mspicer3262
    @mspicer3262 Před 17 dny

    I'm a old Canadian guy, I understand that temperature perception is highly relative. What is really cold to me, would be terrifying to somebody from Texas, or the south in general. When it's -30C (-22F), it's really cold. Time for the big coat. Gloves too if I'm going to have anything in my hand. Around -15C (5F), it's still pretty cold, but you can get by with the lighter coat and a scarf. At 0C (32F), some Canadians will wear t-shorts or shorts, sometimes both. I prefer to wear a jacket, but I like having additional pockets. By 15C (59F), pretty much everybody born in Canada is now in t-shirts and shorts, though I tend to still wear jeans, because again, pockets. Just so you know, the coldest I've personally experienced as a Canadian was -58C (-72F). That was way, WAY up north though, it's not like, normal or anything in most of the country.

  • @h8a1c3
    @h8a1c3 Před 26 dny +1

    I wish this had been my experience with intermittent fasting. I struggled/forced myself to do it for 15 months and all I got was an issue with disordered eating.

  • @juroBeba
    @juroBeba Před 25 dny +1

    The funny thing about intermitting fasting is that it's just a way to put skipping breakfast in a positive light. Just try telling folks you skipped breakfast and you'll get a ton of "but it's the most important meal of the day!" (it's not btw). But if you say you're intermittent fasting it's suddenly super healthy and natural 🤣

  • @danevertt3210
    @danevertt3210 Před 26 dny

    As someone who lives on intermittent fasting……I’ve been doing this for like 20 years now.
    I eat 1.5 times a day, if that. Generally, it’s one nice meal at night. I’m never hungry prior. This is totally work related usually…..
    …..btw, I didn’t too much beer after work……that probably helps

  • @vulpzin
    @vulpzin Před 26 dny +18

    Oh wow, a mystery flesh pit would be amazing. Also the video about the center of the universe could be neat, hype to hopefully see both in the future!

  • @leeSouthend
    @leeSouthend Před 23 dny

    On antigrav. In Peter F Hamiltons, Commonwealth Saga people use antigrav pods to move around for a while. They lift straight up like rockets and follow a parabolic arc and land verticly meaning longer trips take the occupants into a partial orbit. So theres a chance for turblance only for a small part of the flight.

  • @manderse12
    @manderse12 Před 25 dny

    Yes! I'd love to see the center of the universe vid! Also, this format was fine. Entertaining.
    I asked my teenage son the question, and we got into a discussion about the difference between the "center of the observable universe" (which transposes the meaning of "center" in the question to a point-of-view concern and observable light) vs. the "center of the known / theoretical universe" (which requires a more sophisticated understanding about what astrophysics tells us...which gets "philosophical" (as you put it) very quick.

  • @jmanj3917
    @jmanj3917 Před 25 dny

    4:25 I hear the diversion; I hear the distraction; But I Don't hear anything resembling an answer. So, Mr. Scott:
    Where WERE you going, with that gun in your hand?

  • @ArthurPekarsky
    @ArthurPekarsky Před 25 dny

    I loved the "Off the cuff" format! I think I prefer hearing your unprepared answers to questions you are reading on the spot.
    I do also love the idea of the separate video topic being on the "Center of the Universe" question. In my humble opinion I believe that was the one topic out of today's questions, that deserved a deeper dive.
    Only thing I wish, was that we got a brief explanation about what the "SCP Foundation" is🤔. Much like the way we got a short rundown of what "intermittent fasting" is. Just for those of us like myself who are not "in the know"🤷‍♂ didn't have to look it up👀
    It's alright, I'll get through it !🤗 LOL
    Again, love this format !

  • @AaronDabelow
    @AaronDabelow Před 26 dny

    Hey man, one of the perks of living up north are all the hoodies, sweaters, jackets, sweatshirts, coats, fleeces, thermals, shells, and pullovers.

  • @guillermodelnoche
    @guillermodelnoche Před 26 dny +15

    I just discovered your channel about a year ago and it is one of my favorites! I enjoy your storytelling, jokes, topic choices and lack of bias (as much as any good human is capable of). You have thoroughly entertained me and occasionally edified me. You do great work!

  • @Gnordlan
    @Gnordlan Před 24 dny

    Once upon a time I walked to school in the snow, uphill both ways (this was literal, the school bus dropped us off in a different place than they picked us up), in below zero weather (F), with just a jacket and jeans.
    But now I live in Texas and I'm weak and cold.

  • @ivantuma7969
    @ivantuma7969 Před 19 dny

    That's it, I'm doing it! I'm making a functional, light-weight levitator based principles similar to the Dale Drive ... It _might_ work :) I've had the idea for 30 years - long before I even knew about the Dale device. Thanks for mentioning it.

  • @shedlife1745
    @shedlife1745 Před 25 dny

    Fabulous, some subjects I can relate to! You want to try being called TOD MILLARD! Managers and receptionist people like that hear my name and then call me MR TOD. WTF! and people on the phone call me TOM!! Plonckers!.........
    Fabulous episode and executed really well, well done.

  • @jacksonstarky8288
    @jacksonstarky8288 Před 25 dny

    Intermittent fasting is something I've been doing unintentionally by necessity since I started working nights in summer of 2017. I can't eat within two hours of starting work, or during my shift, because my job is physically demanding and activity makes me empty my stomach in one direction or the other thanks to a combination of GERD and IBS. So I only eat within a four-hour period between getting home and going to bed.

  • @NoisyRooster
    @NoisyRooster Před 25 dny

    I didn't discover your channel until recently, so I havent seen your entire catalog, but just from recent viewings, you do look like you are getting fitter and healthier looking, like, your jawline is getting more defined.

  • @charmlessman1
    @charmlessman1 Před 26 dny +14

    Re: antigravity/turbulence: We'd still experience turbulence, but not as extreme. Gusts of wind would still hit the antigravitycraft, but since it's not being lifted by that air, it wouldn't cause the drops and twists like it does on the wings of an airplane. Kind of like how you feel an occasional gust of air when you're driving your car, but if you stick your hand out the window like you're on a family road trip, you'd feel the effects of wind and changing hand angles very intensely.

    • @mikerich32
      @mikerich32 Před 26 dny +2

      Yeah, an aircraft that uses antigravity wouldn't have wings, so there would be significantly less surface area for turbulent air to act on.

    • @ralphlongo1975
      @ralphlongo1975 Před 26 dny +1

      Let's say, just for speculation, that our antigravity craft had a physical way to let the air move around it without actually acting much on it. We could make the edges really thin, but we have to be in it so there would have to be a point where we would have to fit, making that part thicker. What if our antigravity ship was round, that would help, and if it was thin on the edges then the wind wouldn't cause it to be so unstable, but it would have to be thicker in the middle, maybe kind of like a frisbee, or a brake rotor but with a smooth ramp up instead of a 90 degree angle for wind purposes. Kind of like a disk of some sor... Oh, wait, that sounds familiar, damn...

    • @desertdenizen6428
      @desertdenizen6428 Před 25 dny +1

      I may be missing an important element but I think that an antigravity vessel would be effectively weightless and would respond more strongly to turbulence of the same strength as before. Would the vessel have inertia? Arrgghhh, a brain twister for sure.

    • @lxndrlbr
      @lxndrlbr Před 25 dny

      ​@desertdenizen6428 I think you are right to think about inertia: turbulence is caused by disturbances in the air flow through which the aircraft passes through, which is independent of the aircraft's energy (potential or kinetic), but the inertia dampens the change in direction and transitions it to elastic oscillation then a new steady state (rectilinear movement).
      To me, antigravity being only the cancelation of the downward vector of acceleration toward a barycenter of masses, it would not change anything: turbulences would still happen.
      But it was interesting to see Scott (Joe)'s 😉 hypothesis that antigravity would let us move around matter, like if we were in the vaccum of space, with vernier engines, because then maybe the effect of the air around would be indeed not as a force (lift, drag, etc.) but simply homogeneous pressure on the vessel, like if it appeared at time t in coordinates x,y,z and then at t+dt at position x+dx,y+dy,z+dz without any transition or kinetic vector, therefore without any disturbances in the flow because there was no flow since we are not "moving" through air but appearing statically at different positions in space over time... 😵‍💫 but maybe I misinterpreted what Joe was saying.
      Great fun 👍

    • @georgecarlin2097
      @georgecarlin2097 Před 25 dny

      ​@@desertdenizen6428I suppose it depends upon the exact mechanism in which the craft produces locomotion ie antigravity effect. Suppose it simply creates a field around itself the blocks the ability of gravitrons (or whatever quantum phenomena responsible for the reaction between massive objects) to travel outside the field, similar to how a black hole with light. (this is the most plausible scenario)
      The object would still have mass, avoiding all those interesting conundrums you mentioned. And turbulence would still occur, albeit to a smaller degree as there would be less aerodynamic dependency due to lift not being acquired in that manner (surface area/mass/Cd etc.)

  • @videotoadman
    @videotoadman Před 20 dny

    So.. I grew up in a small town in Texas myself, but now I live up north (since 2003, Eastern, WA). I will not mock you for being cold, because I understand how adaptation works. ;-) It took me a couple years to adapt to wintertime temperatures in the north. Problem is, I'm not adapted to Texas summer temps anymore, so I'll probably stay up here in Spokane, WA for the rest of my life.

  • @petergrams6390
    @petergrams6390 Před 25 dny

    This is a great idea for how to do these videos. I think the videos will be good, and it will help cultivate more patrons. People are gonna start asking questions meant to stump Scott and be so well thought out that they end up being a video topic

  • @xpndblhero5170
    @xpndblhero5170 Před 25 dny

    0:46 - Actually I am from South Central PA in the Appalachian Mountains and it isn't that cold out right now but I am still freezing my a$$ off.... I'm colder than the DeLorean was when it came back from its first time travel. 🥶

  • @Knight39er
    @Knight39er Před 25 dny

    Scott, I'm so glad to hear you bring up Mystery Flesh Pit! I'd love to see your adventures inside the Permian Basin Superorganism!

  • @jmanj3917
    @jmanj3917 Před 25 dny

    14:42 This is one of the best visual representations I have seen, on YT, of this concept. Very intuitive; Almost certainly helpful to those who might still require a bit more clarification. The other really good graphic is the one of the two sets of dots, effectively the same dots, but they're separated over time...with the dots separating from each other when the two dots are placed on top of each other...
    Yeah, i botched the description...lol...
    I think you know which graphic i mean, though

  • @Otis151
    @Otis151 Před 26 dny +26

    I love this new format! Keep up the good work, Scott!

  • @cannibalbananas
    @cannibalbananas Před 22 dny

    @0:45 as someone from Wisconsin - I'm cold too, Joe. I prefer 75-85 F. Also, I love the occasional chair-spin throw back ❤

  • @dylansemerau9489
    @dylansemerau9489 Před 16 dny

    I like the quality of the videos so far this year. I mean I always enjoy your content but you can tell more energy and thought and feelings are going into the videos. I like it, keep it up Joe and team!

  • @bobbyunger2758
    @bobbyunger2758 Před 11 dny

    I have been a fan of this channel for years now. I only have nice things to say about Joe and the topics he covers are always informative and interesting. I'm extremely happy that the channel is nearing 2 million subscribers and I believe it will exponentially increase with time. Thanks Joe

  • @oasntet
    @oasntet Před 23 dny

    One thing I've found about intermittent fasting is that it is occasionally good to break the fast. About twice a month, I eat a single midnight snack, just to disrupt my body's adaptation to the schedule. When I do that, I find it slightly harder to ignore the hunger for a day or two, but my weight's 'setpoint' is about five lbs lower. Dunno how scientific it is, but it's a way I deal with days when I forget to eat before my cutoff, and I suspect it works.
    SCP is a copyright nightmare. Each article can have a different CC license, quite of few of which have SA attached, which is a viral clause that means the movie itself has to be CC/SA. No studio is going to touch that with a ten foot pole. And before somebody says that CC means there's no copyright, that's exactly what CC does _not_ mean. CC works are still under copyright, retained by the original author; it's just that the author have given prior permission for some forms of use of the work, promising not to sue if the license is followed.

  • @akabuyx4636
    @akabuyx4636 Před 25 dny

    As for the "center of the universe" question i have had that exact thing in my mind a couple weeks ago, and a think kind of the same way as Joe in the terms of everything, every star or planet, is in the center of their own Universes, and what i mean by that is that we (planet Earth) are in the center of the observable universe, because of the age the Universe and the speed of light and the way it works and all the physic's and such we see like we are in the center of our Universe because we receive light from from all directions, so from our point of view we could say we are in the center of the universe, but that only means someone in another galaxy thousands of light years away would also see the Unverse that same way and say they are the center of the Universe from their perspective, just as we do from ours.
    Now, that means we are IN FACT in the center of the Universe? of course not, the center of the Universe is where the Big Bang happened, that's where all came from in terms of a point in the space that everything has originated.
    Also about beeing "in more to one side of the Universe than another side" thing i would say that we don't know, to know that and answer proprelly we would first need to know the exact size of the Universe and try to pinpoint where we are compared to other objects in the space around us, the 93 billions light years the Unverse has today only spans for the amount of light that has reached us since the Big Bang, if we waited another 13 billions years (around the age of the Unverse today) that number could double if the Universe is big enough, think like this: In the 13 billions years since the Big Bang the amount of light that we are able to see from other places sum and equals to an Universe that is 93 billion light years across and not the 100% true size of the Universe, if that makes sense

  • @jimmykelly2809
    @jimmykelly2809 Před 26 dny +10

    This must be the universe talking to me through you Joe! I literally just got done with my antigravity device today. Haven’t tested it yet but it’s complete

  • @MicJaguar
    @MicJaguar Před 14 dny

    During the pandemic I went 5 days with nothing but orange juice to regulate my type 1 Diabetes. After day 2 I stopped feeling hungry but by day 5 my stomach would not let me sleep. Days 3 to 5 every night I would try to sleep and it would gurgle and have this empty feeling. The fatigue of no sleep had me finely eat after day 5. I slowly ate just a little bit of food to gradually return to normal eating.

  • @jacktingle215
    @jacktingle215 Před 25 dny

    WRT a/g: The worst vehicle-turbulence interactions are with wings & control surfaces. The Tiny-winged F104G Lawn Dart had one advantage in its ground attack role was its very low gust response. A wingless a/g vehicle would punch through gusts.

  • @samh6246
    @samh6246 Před 25 dny +1

    PLEASE do a mystery flesh pit video!! I love the perspective of it being a vacation spot or national park

  • @FoxInClogs
    @FoxInClogs Před 24 dny

    I had something similar at school. It's typical for UK schoolboys to be called by their surnames (even by friends) so a few of my friends mums thought for years that my (first) name was Owen.
    I later had a a Californian colleague called Earle Specht, who'd occasionally receive letters addressed to Lord Specht. (Earle not being a common name in Europe.)

  • @user-ud6ui7zt3r
    @user-ud6ui7zt3r Před 25 dny

    The hoodie made you look like the intro to _Mr. Roger’s Neighborhood,_ when he wears the sweater and ties his shoelaces.

  • @killham1337
    @killham1337 Před 26 dny +4

    I'm from Sweden, I have been out playing in the snow in minus 30c, Now I live in southern China in a city that rarely goes below 10c. Somehow it's still colder here, especially indoors so I completely understand your hoodie and weather complaints

  • @PatrickDMcKenzie
    @PatrickDMcKenzie Před 24 dny

    It was lite, it moved right along, it kept my interest. What's not to like.
    Yes, 0lease a video on the question of "where is the center of the universe ". I have seen a couple of youtubers attempt to explain it, and they all have melted my brain. So please take a shot.

  • @sauravgupta8819
    @sauravgupta8819 Před 25 dny

    love your work Scott, really one of the best science channels on yt

  • @ChaoticHoly
    @ChaoticHoly Před 25 dny +1

    The "Center of the Universe" is a manhole cover in the town the movie "Dante's Peak" was shot in. Or that's what the town has claimed for around 3 decades.

  • @captainmarino99
    @captainmarino99 Před 25 dny

    I also am named Joe, but WAS raised in a house full of classic rock/oldies. I never once heard the gun reference... until I also went to college. I continue to hear it, not infrequently, now well into my 40s.
    I also began hearing about my "button factory" when I got to college, and that was BRAND NEW to me. Did you ever get that one?

  • @petevenuti7355
    @petevenuti7355 Před 25 dny

    When I was working, I was usually in too much of a rush for breakfast they often skip lunch for a few extra dollars, and it was about 2 hours after work before I actually got a chance to eat. Sometimes it was as little as a hot dog if at all, sometimes it was a three-course meal with three servings each course. I'd eat like a tiger once a week!

  • @mellissadalby1402
    @mellissadalby1402 Před 26 dny +11

    Temperature is all about what you are used to, so no worries.
    Just so you know, the song "Hey Joe" was a cover tune for Jimi Hendrix, it was actually written by a guy named Billy Roberts. Just for your gee wiz file.

    • @malcolmhiggins7005
      @malcolmhiggins7005 Před 26 dny

      RESPECT was written by Otis Redding!

    • @uremawifenowdave
      @uremawifenowdave Před 26 dny

      Billy Roberts used to date the folk singer Niela Miller. She had a song called “Baby, Please Don’t Go to Town", which Roberts lifted the chord progression from for “Hey Joe”.

  • @Kustrim3807
    @Kustrim3807 Před 18 dny

    It's a cool format. Personally I kinda like it more than the previous lightning round videos. Not that those were bad but usually I was left wishing for more content on certain lightning round topics (akin to a full length video). So the way of tackling it here, without any prior research fits better for answering multiple questions in one video. And with the option to create a full length video later on that is even better :)

  • @barefootalien
    @barefootalien Před 23 dny

    For anti-gravity turbulence... I think the answer is "no, not really".
    The reason a plane shakes like it does when it hits turbulence is because it's the air that's holding it up.
    For an analogy, consider a sailboat vs. a speedboat, and their interaction with the wind. The sailboat is like an airplane. It has a great big sail that helps it move, but because of that big wind-catching device, a sudden gust of wind can rock it onto its side quite a bit, so we compensate for that by building heavier keels, adjusting the sails when it happens, etc. In a plane, we compensate for that by building the wings and fuselage to be sturdier than the strongest turbulence we expect the plane to ever experience (which is way, _way_ more turbulence than you'll ever experience as a passenger, by the way), and we set procedures like maximum speed during turbulence. We also build planes to fly high enough to simply not encounter it most of the time.
    An anti-gravity aircraft is like the speedboat. Because it's not propelled by the wind, the speedboat doesn't have giant air-interacting features like sails. If anything, they'll be deliberately streamlined and _not_ interact much with the wind at all. A gust does very little to a speedboat. Could you, in theory, feel a gust of wind affecting the side of the boat? Sure. But even less so than you could in your car. It's hardly going to throw you around or anything. An anti-gravity aircraft would be like this. Even what would be heavy turbulence that only cargo planes would ever fly through would probably barely be noticeable, and for the most part, even without active compensation systems, I don't think there'd be much turbulence, no.
    Of course it's worth mentioning that anti-gravity is almost certainly impossible. Magnetic levitation might one day be possible... barely. Even then, it's doubtful that we'd use it for aircraft because wings are likely to be vastly more efficient.
    It's also worth mentioning that other than being scary, mostly because of the fact that air is invisible, turbulence isn't generally actually a problem. It's little more than the equivalent of a speed-bump in a parking lot for a car. For the speed bump, you can see it coming, and thus be ready for it. If you're the driver, you probably don't mind it at all, where as the passenger it might make you lurch awkwardly as you mistime your muscle tension and such. Turbulence, as a passenger, is a complete surprise, so can be startling... but it doesn't need to be _scary._
    The pilots generally have some idea it's coming, from reports from other aircraft flying the same routes ahead of them, or with turbulence caused by geography in known areas. That's why, if they turn the seatbelt signs on, you should do as they say; you may feel nothing but smooth sailing and think you can relax, walk around, but they may know they're a few minutes from probable turbulence and so they warn people ahead of time. Sometimes they'll even warn you over the intercom. That's for light turbulence, anyway, which is probably the only kind you've ever experienced. Moderate turbulence is the kind where you see passengers visibly shake and bob together, and occasionally unsecured objects might move around a little. Passenger flights will usually attempt to avoid moderate turbulence, though occasionally that fails, though it rarely results in injury.
    It goes much higher than that, though... heavy turbulence is something passenger flights always try to avoid, but freight flights may choose to fly through it if it saves time or fuel. The pilots will just fasten their shoulder harnesses and get through it, because even that isn't a threat to the plane itself _at all._ If you've seen people thrown into the ceiling, that was heavy turbulence. We could easily install shoulder harnesses in passenger seats and just fly through it, but... that's uncomfortable and unnecessary most of the time. It'd be like installing three-point seatbelts on a school bus for those rare occasions when you drive a load of kids down into a strip mine. Oh wait, you just don't do that with school busses; that's what mining trucks are for. And so it goes for passenger aircraft.
    Then there's _severe_ turbulence. This is where the plane itself starts to be in a bit of danger, where wing loading and flexing can be pushed closer to its limits. Severe turbulence mostly only exists inside major storm cells, though, and is pretty easy to avoid. Most large jets have weather radar on-board, and to avoid severe turbulence you just don't fly into cumulonimbus clouds, hurricanes, or tornadoes. Even then, the plane is designed to be able to handle it. It may require some maintenance checks to make sure nothing got bent or warped, but it should be fine. Modern-designed airliners, the ones with the really gracefully shaped wings with curvy split winglets and the like, can actually touch their wingtips together over their fuselages without permanent damage, so a wingtip flapping a meter or two up and down in turbulence is actually not any more of a big deal than your car's suspension compressing a couple of inches extra for a speed bump or a small pothole.

  • @charles_the_elder
    @charles_the_elder Před 25 dny

    I've been intermittent fasting for 6 or 7 years now. Once you start it's really easy to maintain. My weight doesn't change it's right where the doctor wants it. I've had 3 different doctors over the course of time and all of them thought it was beneficial to me. It's important that your breakfast not contain a lot of carbs, they can cause a blood sugar spike and a high A1C. I had to eliminate bananas with breakfast. Otherwise there have been no side effects. I take daily medication that requires food to control my type 2 diabetes, I take it at noon.

  • @davidanderson2357
    @davidanderson2357 Před 25 dny

    Mr. Scott: So... what shall I call my website? Questions with Joe? Hey Joe? Answers with Joe? What about... Cuppa Joe?

  • @brodyekvall3129
    @brodyekvall3129 Před 26 dny

    Love your videos buddy! Your a great educator 😄

  • @donaldrogers7279
    @donaldrogers7279 Před 26 dny +9

    We are at the center of our own observable universe because it's sort of like standing in the middle of a field you can see so far in any direction although you know it goes on farther so from any one point you're observable universe is what you can see

    • @charleslivingston2256
      @charleslivingston2256 Před 26 dny +2

      And the universe is WAY bigger than the Observable Universe. They know that since looking out to the edge of the observable universe in different directions, there is no sign of starting to look like someplace else. Another way of saying it is the curvature is very close to zero. Due to uncertainty, it might not be exactly zero and therefore would curve around and could be closed (if positive curvature).
      That brings up another thing. We don't know that the universe was a singularity. What we know is the observable universe was a (near) singularity - meaning everything we can see was packed into an ultra-dense tiny volume. What we know is going back in time, the density increases. If the universe is infinite, it was higher density everywhere, but still infinite.

    • @willis7202
      @willis7202 Před 25 dny

      If the universe takes the sphere(closed) architecture that some have postured, then this would be true for every point within, just like you're pointing out (which is pretty neat to think about). If we could see or travel far enough, we would end up right back where we started. What if we are already seeing far enough to do this already but it is unrecognizable because we are seeing our region so far in the past

  • @Chris_T_S
    @Chris_T_S Před 24 dny

    Hmmm, I've often thought on the question "Are we the center of the Universe, and how big is it actually?" - which makes me start extrapolating my position locally.
    - Am I the center of the Earth?
    - Is Earth the center of the Solar System?
    - Is the Solar System the center of the Milky Way....
    This leads me to an analogy: if I were in a huge unlit warehouse, randomly placed with a torch held over head, providing a circle of visibility - yes, I am at the center of what is visible to me. I have no idea where I am in relation to the warehouse I am in, I have no idea how large that warehouse is.
    To add to that thought - light is moving away from the original source, which implies what is being "lit" is expanding one light year... every year.
    The proviso to the last sentence is that the speed of light is constant, and will keep moving in a straight line infinitely holds true, and that objects in this space is also moving away from the central point... unless there are gravity wells distorting it, which implies something was there before The Big Bang, which in turn raises other questions and what we understand.
    I might be rambling nonsense, however, this is what I think of those questions.

  • @aaronwilliford4957
    @aaronwilliford4957 Před 25 dny

    Just my 2 cents for the center of the universe question; the way it was explained to me was that since everything in the universe is moving away from everything else all at the same rate, simultaneously, no matter where you are at within the universe or what your perspective of it may be, to the observer (you) it appears that you are standing in the center of the universe no matter where you are actually located within it. No matter where you really are in the universe, it will always appear that you are in the center of it. I hope I explained that well enough.

  • @Paulkjoss
    @Paulkjoss Před 25 dny

    Great video format and relaxed style is so - relaxing - to watch 👍🏼 A vote to keep it 😁