A Picture of the Milky Way's Supermassive Black Hole

  • čas přidán 11. 05. 2022
  • This is an image of the supermassive black hole, Sagittarius A*, at the center of our Milky Way galaxy.
    Visit www.kiwico.com/veritasium30 to get 30% off your first month of any crate!
    Image of Sgr A* from EHT collaboration
    Event Horizon Telescope collaboration: ve42.co/EHT
    Animations from The Relativistic Astrophysics group, Institute for Theoretical Physics, Goethe-Universität Frankfurt. Massive thanks to Prof. Luciano Rezzolla, Dr Christian Fromm and Dr Alejandro Cruz-Osorio.
    A huge thanks to Prof. Peter Tuthill and Dr Manisha Caleb for feedback on earlier versions of this video and helping explain VLBI.
    Great video by Thatcher Chamberlin about VLBI here - czcams.com/video/Y8rAHTvpJbk/video.html
    Animations and simulations with English text:
    L. R. Weih & L. Rezzolla (Goethe University Frankfurt)
    Video of stars going around Sgr A* from European Southern Observatory
    Video zooming into the center of our galaxy from European Southern Observatory
    Video of observation of M87 courtesy of:
    C. M. Fromm, Y. Mizuno & L. Rezzolla (Goethe University Frankfurt)
    Video of observation of SgrA* courtesy of
    C. M. Fromm, Y. Mizuno & L. Rezzolla (Goethe University Frankfurt)
    Z. Younsi (University College London)
    Video of telescopes in the array 2017:
    C. M. Fromm & L. Rezzolla (Goethe University Frankfurt)
    Animations and simulations (no text):
    L. R. Weih & L. Rezzolla (Goethe University Frankfurt)
    Special thanks to Patreon supporters: Inconcision, Kelly Snook, TTST, Ross McCawley, Balkrishna Heroor, Chris LaClair, Avi Yashchin, John H. Austin, Jr., OnlineBookClub.org, Dmitry Kuzmichev, Matthew Gonzalez, Eric Sexton, john kiehl, Anton Ragin, Diffbot, Micah Mangione, MJP, Gnare, Dave Kircher, Burt Humburg, Blake Byers, Dumky, Evgeny Skvortsov, Meekay, Bill Linder, Paul Peijzel, Josh Hibschman, Mac Malkawi, Michael Schneider, jim buckmaster, Juan Benet, Ruslan Khroma, Robert Blum, Richard Sundvall, Lee Redden, Vincent, Stephen Wilcox, Marinus Kuivenhoven, Clayton Greenwell, Michael Krugman, Cy 'kkm' K'Nelson, Sam Lutfi, Ron Neal
    Written by Derek Muller
    Animation by Ivy Tello, Mike Radjabov, Maria Raykova
    Filmed by Petr Lebedev

Komentáře • 9 532

  • Just Some Guy without a Mustache

    Absolutely jaw dropping how inconceivably huge these supermassive black holes are. I always love it when Veritasium delves into the topic of space.

    • Lean
      Lean Před 3 dny +1

      @Wargamulaya -වර්ගමූලය ayo 🤨🧐

    • Lance Gabriel T. Madrazo 黄建元
      Lance Gabriel T. Madrazo 黄建元 Před 4 dny

      srsly tho, seeing you in every comment section in every video is like becoming normal for me. it scares me

  • L B
    L B Před 9 dny +98

    This was so rewarding to watch and fascinating to learn how far we’ve come in proving black holes exist. In my college astronomy texts from just two decades ago it was all still considered just theoretical. Thanks Veritasium!

    • thoa tran
      thoa tran Před 2 dny


    • Sikt
      Sikt Před 8 dny

      @scowie ROFL

    • scowie
      scowie Před 8 dny

      @Alexandre Betioli That's got nothing to do with gravitational lensing (and I have never heard anyone claim it is anyway!).

    • Alexandre Betioli
      Alexandre Betioli Před 8 dny +1

      @scowie So we shouldn't see the light ring on a full moon eclipse.

    • scowie
      scowie Před 8 dny

      We haven't proven that black holes (as described by General Relativity) exist. The fact that these stars orbiting Sagittarius A* display no gravitational lensing effects whatsoever goes to show that the GR explanation of gravity is false - gravity is not the bending of spacetime at all. The path of light is unaffected by gravity. Gravitational lensing is a myth. All the observations that are claimed to be examples of gravitational lensing are really just good old refractional lensing in the density gradient of a gas cloud or an atmosphere.

  • Sofiane Chaieb
    Sofiane Chaieb Před 2 dny +3

    Amazingly well explained! I can't imagine an "easier" way of presenting such a complicated and non-intuitive phenomenon.

    • soiung toiue
      soiung toiue Před dnem

      The fact that I could understand everything you said, speaks volumes about your ability to teach. Thank you for making me feel smarter than I actually am!

  • Денис Сиренко

    Thanks Derek! But it still remains unclear to me: if the accretion disk can be directed towards us, then why can't we see its leading edge crossing the central region of the image? After all, some of the rays from it are not directed in orbit around the black hole, but directly towards us, and, in theory, should not change their trajectory (well, or almost).

    • Денис Сиренко
      Денис Сиренко Před 4 dny +1

      @trbz_, It does not have to be thin, only if disc crosses black hole exactly in the middle, which is very unlikely. Unless, of course, there is some correlation between the planes of rotation of the accretion disk and the entire Milky Way, as a result of which we automatically look at the disk exactly from the side.

    • trbz_
      trbz_ Před 4 dny +1

      For the M87 black hole, it ended up being that we are looking towards it from a pole, rather than from the side. For Sagittarius A*, the resolution is too low to be able to make out the thin bisecting line of the disk.

  • Anwesh Das
    Anwesh Das Před 2 dny +2

    It's so fascinating to see concepts of Wave Superposition, Hugen's Principles, Young's Double slit experiment and Reflecting Telescopes I am currently studying in high school being applied to get images of a real black hole..

  • hecker
    hecker Před 12 dny +1844

    More space please. This was absolutely amazing. Thanks.

    • Cheese_ManBob2
      Cheese_ManBob2 Před dnem

      Hecker will now heck to give everybody $1,000,000,000,000.

    • ipanda0121 roblox
      ipanda0121 roblox Před 2 dny

      Hecker is gonna heck space 💀

    • Furious321
      Furious321 Před 4 dny

      I think there's enough space out there as it is, to be frank.

    • Nen Master5
      Nen Master5 Před 8 dny

      @Capricorn Sure is!

    • Capricorn
      Capricorn Před 9 dny +1

      Amazing but crazy

  • The Discounted
    The Discounted Před 2 dny +1

    I absolutely love these videos. It's both expertly explained and made visually understandable. As someone with autism who loves learning these videos are my favorite. A cool video idea I thought of is talking about the 10 and 12 dimension theories. It's one of my favorite subjects and has cool math and history behind it.

  • Fadi Afa Al-Refaee
    Fadi Afa Al-Refaee Před 9 dny +26

    Hello Derek, I applaud as excitedly as I can what you do; thrilled my pre-teen children look forward to each of your videos and deeply satisfied and comforted when they walk away fascinated and excited how they learned a fundamental and complex concept that might have otherwise been too difficult to grasp. I feel less disappointed as a father bent on staying in "scientist" mode that you and the videos you deliver exist! You have my eternal gratitude and my undying support!

    • cgPlays
      cgPlays Před 6 dny +1

      that’s really cool dude

  • bcvbb hyui
    bcvbb hyui Před 2 dny +1

    As always, truly quality work! Thank you for all the hard work you put into these videos! Feels like a professional documentary every time

  • Mike Delgrande
    Mike Delgrande Před 7 dny +7

    Man, thank you for making these videos. I’ve been obsessed with astronomy and Astro physics my entire life but you somehow have a way of explaining things that helps me to understand better than ever. I’ve thought about that image of a black hole from interstellar for years now trying to figure out why it looked the way it did. I knew it had a lot to do with the mass and warping of space time but this video is so informative. Thanks again for the great content.

  • MrMattie725
    MrMattie725 Před 13 dny +2736

    The craziest thing to me is that these images just confirm our theories. We had visuals of black holes purely based on the Maths. A random guy on the street could have a decent image of a black hole because a movie did the effort to represent it correctly (minus the lighter and darker parts). And only a few years later, we manage to take a picture which just happens to be exactly what we expected.

    • jorriffhdhtrsegg
      jorriffhdhtrsegg Před dnem

      And at the same time they still managed to label black holes as 'star' as in * which becomes terribly confusing like most things scientists name

    • SizzleShnizzle
      SizzleShnizzle Před 3 dny

      What if black holes are the reason that space is a vaccuum

    • Luca Dr
      Luca Dr Před 4 dny

      Our theories? Our maths? 🥹

    • P A.L.
      P A.L. Před 4 dny

      @Bob Guy Red or Blue shifts?

    • MasonInAJar
      MasonInAJar Před 4 dny +1

      @八神こう couldnt have put it better

  • Peter Yianilos
    Peter Yianilos Před 10 dny +36

    That we have managed to aggregate instruments across the earth’s surface to achieve once impossible resolution is a real triumph for science, made possible by the use of GPS timing and location cues embedded in computer algorithms processing results gathered around the globe. Despite my understanding it, it’s a stunning accomplishment.
    Still, the image of stars racing around a black hole is the most jaw-dropping thing I have ever personally seen. I have spent an embarrassing amount of time watching that loop, considering the implausibility of ‘being there’.

  • soiung toiue
    soiung toiue Před 6 dny +11

    Your dedication and interest to make us understand the concepts are extremely adorable. This is the best explanation I have ever seen on the internet.

  • Nat Levasseur
    Nat Levasseur Před 8 dny +7

    Thank you for explaining how the image was obtained. I love learning about the science and techniques used to arrive at a discovery, or in this case, in getting an image of something so incredibly far away.

  • Anirban Chakraborty
    Anirban Chakraborty Před 9 dny +5

    The best part of this video is that Derek looks extremely happy and excited when he explains the image with his cardboard model... This is why I love people like Derek Muller, Physics Girl, Michael Stevens - they are just soooo happy and enthusiastic to teach us such complicated topics in a simple yet profound manner. To me, people like these are not in anyway inferior to those who look up at the sky and solve the mysteries of the Universe.

    • Fraser Kerr
      Fraser Kerr Před 8 dny

      The three people you mentioned are very talented science communicators. We need them to digest the information for those of us (me!) who are not experts in the fields that they delve into. They make the information so accessible! I agree: they are not inferior at all.

  • Advesh Darvekar
    Advesh Darvekar Před 13 dny +3418

    This is hands down the best explanation of a black hole I've ever heard.

    • giang kim
      giang kim Před 2 dny


    • Darahaas Vadlamudi
      Darahaas Vadlamudi Před 4 dny

      @streuthmonkey1 And exactly what did you research which thousands of scientists and astrophysicists around the world didn't to tell that black holes don't exist? What is your field of study?

    • Darahaas Vadlamudi
      Darahaas Vadlamudi Před 4 dny

      @streuthmonkey1 LOL the only one unscientific here is you. What degree do you have to make such nonsensical assumptions? And btw I'm not religious.

    • streuthmonkey1
      streuthmonkey1 Před 4 dny

      @scowie An excelent summation of the methods used to create this fictional image and the failings by Veratasium when it comes to this field when he does so well in exposing the flaws of many others.

    • streuthmonkey1
      streuthmonkey1 Před 4 dny

      @Darahaas Vadlamudi Proven fact?! lol How very unscientific of you. Hardly surprising for someone with a pseudo-religious mindset!

  • Parth Srinivasan
    Parth Srinivasan Před 10 dny +15

    I‘ve pretty much replaced Netflix with Veritasium. I mean, there are other great and very interesting channels in CZcams as well, but this one just takes the prize! Thanks Derek!

  • Sudip Bishwakarma
    Sudip Bishwakarma Před 4 dny +4

    This is mind bending. Your explanation is so easy to grasp given the complexity of the subject matter. Now I have some level of understanding when I look at the image. Thanks! 😁

  • misolou fout
    misolou fout Před 8 dny +11

    The fact that I could understand everything you said, speaks volumes about your ability to teach. Thank you for making me feel smarter than I actually am!

  • Churail Officials
    Churail Officials Před 3 dny

    The way you describe the 'Earth sized" telescope at 10 minutes was so perfect.

  • History Dose
    History Dose Před 13 dny +261

    Somehow “supermassive” still sounds like an understatement. I vote for “SuperDuperMassive”

    • mdd1963
      mdd1963 Před 9 dny +1

      WHen one has a black hole equivalent in size of the area encompassing the radius of the Sun out all the way out to Jupiter's orbit....; that's relatively....BIG!

    • Sean Ferree
      Sean Ferree Před 12 dny

      Haha!! Love it

    • Hubburasool
      Hubburasool Před 12 dny

      Quran 56 - 75, 76 This is the verse which says that the place where the stars fall and. , 77-8 The part that says when the stars are extinguished) This part needs to be defined interprited(For those who mock Quran 109 -6 to you is your religion,and to me,,my religion))

  • Great A'Tuin
    Great A'Tuin Před 5 dny

    Thank you so much for the visualisations. Even though I am interested in astrophysics for decades, I found few explanations which show in a simple yet accurate way how astrophysics actually work.

  • Cyrus Leung
    Cyrus Leung Před 8 dny

    As always, truly quality work! Thank you for all the hard work you put into these videos! Feels like a professional documentary every time

  • adisltu
    adisltu Před 2 dny

    I think a good way of explaining the warping that happens and what we actually see would be to depict Earth as if it was a black hole. If not usefull it would be extremely entertaining :)

  • Buonarotti10
    Buonarotti10 Před 9 dny +5

    Wow, great graphics. Zooming into the center of the Milky Way is an experience.

  • Aieou Savren
    Aieou Savren Před 12 dny +768

    The explanation and practical demonstration of the way the "image of a black hole" is formed, starting at 10:41, is really marvelous! Great job, Veritasium! I really love that very hands-on prop he used.

    • Dmitriy Tuchashvili
      Dmitriy Tuchashvili Před 12 dny

      @Dick Urkel yeah, more like 80% of the previous video

    • Dick Urkel
      Dick Urkel Před 12 dny +3

      It's just clips from the previous video on the topic though, right?

    • derb
      derb Před 12 dny +8

      @Birbdad I'm an adult and couldn't grasp it until this brilliant physical demonstration

    • Birbdad
      Birbdad Před 12 dny +3

      Yeah, it's pretty genius to make an actual model in such a way. Great way to teach it to kids.

  • seeni gzty
    seeni gzty Před 7 dny +5

    As always, truly quality work! Thank you for all the hard work you put into these videos! Feels like a professional documentary every time

    • soiung toiue
      soiung toiue Před dnem

      Wow, great graphics. Zooming into the center of the Milky Way is an experience.

  • Panamanian Viking
    Panamanian Viking Před 9 dny +2

    I love the quality in the structure of how and when you choose to present each concept

  • Alexander Dubstepcek
    Alexander Dubstepcek Před 2 dny

    i'm not sure what amazes me more, the dimensions of black holes or how they play with reality (or rather our perception of reality). what i know for sure is, we need more videos on them from Veritasium.

  • SolarisJade
    SolarisJade Před 10 dny +2

    His visual was actually really helpful in explaining the bending of the light, very nice video!! Im super interested in black holes and all kinds of space stuff so this was really nice to see such a good explanation!!

  • Scott Robinson
    Scott Robinson Před 13 dny +244

    I loved the revisit to your old explanation from the M87* image. Still the clearest and most intuitive explanation I've seen, and the one I always mimic when trying to explain it to friends and family members.
    I've been watching your videos for over 10 years, since I was about 13 years old.
    I'm 24 now, working on my PhD in Astrophysics.
    Even with the knowledge and experience I've gained from my education, I still find that your explanations are usually robust, intuitive and very visually appealing.
    You're an inspiration Derek.
    I will be sure to thank you in the acknowledgements of my thesis when the time comes, because I don't think I'd be where I am without your videos, and the videos from other science communicators.

    • Hubburasool
      Hubburasool Před 12 dny

      Quran 56 - 75, 76 This is the verse which says that the place where the stars fall and. , 77-8 The part that says when the stars are extinguished) This part needs to be defined interprited(For those who mock Quran 109 -6 to you is your religion,and to me,,my religion)

    • Scott Robinson
      Scott Robinson Před 12 dny +1

      @Sha Smi Thank you.
      I just want to say that if you're under 50, I don't think it's too late to make some sort of career in science if you really want to. There were quite a few students in their 30s and 40s on my undergrad physics course.
      I was also on that path of drugs, alcohol and partying, at a very young age. Discovering a love of science was one of the things that really pulled me away from that. It made me feel like I was an outsider compared to the crowd I was in with, so one day I just cut them off. I was a bit of a recluse for a few years after, but it was good for me in the long-run.
      I've been going to gigs regularly since I was 16 though, I don't think that's hindered my focus at all over the years.

    • Vigilant Cosmic Penguin
      Vigilant Cosmic Penguin Před 12 dny +3

      It's always great to see a story of science communicators inspiring scientists.

    • Yunus Jauhari
      Yunus Jauhari Před 13 dny +2

      That's really great

    • Sha Smi
      Sha Smi Před 13 dny +9

      Hi, fellow stupid, unintelligent human and neighbor of yours here… just wanted to thank you for going into that field and helping advance science and our understanding of the cosmos. If I could go back and redo my life I would have chosen the same career path. I chose to mess around in school, do drugs, go to concerts, ect. Although I don’t regret my choices and I had a BLAST none of it helped humanity or the advancement of our species. It’s bigger folks like you that do that so I thank you, and Derek. ❤️

  • mnpanon
    mnpanon Před 10 dny +4

    I read a book about black holes back in high school in the 80's, and it sparked an interest in me ever since. We've come a long way since then, and I've never stopped being amazed by them.

  • Your grandma blew me about

    Wow. This was amazing
    It continuously blows my mind how much insane effort and intelligence goes into every discovery that the brilliant scientists find , that all of us just google and read about. Like it’s amazing the minds that actually figure these things out.

  • E
    E Před 9 dny +12

    The power of mathematics and science. Forever in love with knowledge! Great work Derek, thank you.

  • Sauron's Right hand man
    Sauron's Right hand man Před 9 dny +2

    I tried to explain to someone why the picture of Saggitarius A* was so impressive, by describing it as taking a picture of a rabbit in the middle of a jungle, using an out-of-focus camera while standing a hundred miles away. But I think your analogy of a donut on the moon gets the point across better.

  • Achintya SG
    Achintya SG Před 13 dny +636

    10:31 the way the black hole's picture appears from just black and white lines, is truly amazing.. hats off to the people who took this amazing image of our closest supermassive black hole

    • DerVerdammte
      DerVerdammte Před 9 dny

      @West_47-122 no, everybody should learn

    • SH4BBI
      SH4BBI Před 12 dny +2

      @Kyle Foster "One day computers will be as good as they were back in 1969 and they will be capable of doing such things."

    • West_47-122
      West_47-122 Před 13 dny +1

      @James Baloun So, only scientists and brainiacs should get to use advanced technology?

    • Kyle Foster
      Kyle Foster Před 13 dny +1

      Yeah man if you pay a good computer graphics guy to make anything out of basically nothing. I took a picture of my racing streaks from my underwear, they were just some brown lines on white underwear. I sent it to this guy on fiver and he was able to render it and it turns out was an exact copy of an irregular galaxy they really do some amazing work.
      I find it really interesting how I took photos of my house over a course of several years. In some pictures my windows are the size of my door and then they look as they should in other pictures. I discovered this phenomenon when looking at pictures of the earth though the years and noticed the continents are all different sizes in each picture. Space is some really crazy stuff, one day I hope we can re-build the telemetry data on how to leave low earth orbit and go to the moon. One day computers will be as good as they were back in 1969 and they will be capable of doing such things.

    • alan smithee
      alan smithee Před 13 dny +1

      @streuthmonkey1 There was no image taken by the telescopes, they took light phase and timestamp data. That data was used to construct an image after the fact. The number of pixels in that final image can be however many or as few as you want, and it doesn't change the quality of the input data.
      What exactly are you referring to?

  • Juan José Pérez Caridad

    This is the most understandable explanation I have seen of the operation of a radio interferometer. The graphics are very clear and awesome. Thank you so much!

  • Min Lee
    Min Lee Před dnem

    Thank you so much for explaining how scientists captured the image. I gonna show my 6 y.o. this video this week. He will be amazed by the findings! Btw, he was the one who taught me event horizon!

  • Tylee's Corner
    Tylee's Corner Před 9 dny +1

    I love watching these videos and the theory is exciting and logical assuming a black hole really exists. It just makes good sense to us.

    ARYA MAITRA Před 8 dny +10

    Sweetly explained! Really insightful and something that I inadvertently committed to memory, without even trying too hard.
    P. S.- I would suggest a follow up video explaining wave optics a little more.

  • Paul Donlin
    Paul Donlin Před 12 dny +784

    I've gotta say that your "what does a black hole look like?" explanation is by far the best. I re-watch that video with some frequency while trying to explain black holes. They're basically a spherical "fun-house" where light does all kinds of wacky things. Even the paper written by the visual effects developers for Interstellar leaves a lot on the table in explaining what these things would look like and you do such a great job.

    • Allan Roser
      Allan Roser Před 10 dny

      @Merlin oh dear I must have missed the memo that said any unsubstantiated garbage can be claimed as Scientific "fact" ..... of course under the old burden of "proof" people like yourself required to actually know what they are talking about is such a troublesome restriction isn't it? ..
      (Shakes head/rolls eyes)

    • Merlin
      Merlin Před 10 dny +1

      @Allan Roser So have you learned that science isn't just limited to just doing physical repeated experiments? Or are you just gonna ignore my comment and not acknowledge and learn on your misunderstanding on what science really is?

    • Allan Roser
      Allan Roser Před 10 dny

      @Joe A. oh dear... another starry eyed disciple... can you please give a quick evaluation on the "image" for us? Pixel size and resolution ... let's start with something basic ... c'mon Mr Science.. let that big brain loose.

    • Joe A.
      Joe A. Před 10 dny

      @Allan RoserLots of “theories” were just theories until proven true. Black holes were once a theory too. Then we discovered them. Now we even have images of two black holes. It’s looking worse and worse for you buddy. But keep having a misunderstanding of what science is, you wouldn’t be smart enough to work in any scientific field so it doesn’t matter whether you understand what science is and what it isn’t anyways.

  • Dr. Dhruvrajsinh Jadeja

    Just amazing!! This cleared my most puzzled question regarding telescopes that if space telescopes actually works like normal telescopes then we might be seeing in the past as light takes several years to reach earth!!! For example if planet is 500 lightyears away it takes 500 years to reach the image of the planet to reach earth but in forms of wave it is much simpler because to make the telescope that can focus the light from this distance is physically impossible but focusing waves is different thing.
    But this video actually makes me wonder what happens to waves that is around the black hole please answer my question anyone.

  • Jason Samia
    Jason Samia Před 10 dny +1

    great explanation! I love how it makes it easy for regular people like myself to understand these things ;D
    Question: If the light and debris at 2.6 - 3.0 rs is a sphere going around the black hole, then why is the light represented as a flat donat pancake? If it's a sphere, then shouldn't we see a bright round glowing ball? We wouldn't see anything black at all because there's SPHERE of light surrounding the black hole... Sorry, I might be missing something... just a thought... thanks

    • sketchmaster23
      sketchmaster23 Před 9 dny

      we see "black" because within that radius, light cannot escape. no light = darkness. So we are only seeing the light that manages to escape the event horizon. does that make sense?

  • Johnathan Krausrig
    Johnathan Krausrig Před 8 dny

    The grade of precision and Detail you provide is superb! Thanks for explaining how the Radio telescopes working together. I was looking for a explanation for that since we got the first picture of a blackhole

  • Devwardhan Kothari
    Devwardhan Kothari Před 2 dny +1

    You really live up to that quote Sir Einstein had said about being able to explain a topic at an elementary level if you grasped it well enough.

  • Kevin Godfrey
    Kevin Godfrey Před 13 dny +367

    I'm not even gonna pretend otherwise, the arts and crafts really helped me get a true grasp of what you were describing. Perfectly demonstrated

    • Suhail M S
      Suhail M S Před 10 dny +1

      Qawareta sail Lu kune kuse

    • Sean Ferree
      Sean Ferree Před 12 dny


    • Ottee2
      Ottee2 Před 12 dny +2

      Same. Definitely helped me to understand the physics.

    • ma3ath al3rab
      ma3ath al3rab Před 12 dny +1

      Yeah me too

  • TC
    TC Před 7 dny +4

    Idk, there’s something hunting and beautiful about the finality of the theoretical existence of an object as mind bending as a black hole; let alone a supermassive black hole in our own backyard. It’s as awesome as it is frightening.
    We’re truly but a pale blue dot/a mote of dust

  • Colin England
    Colin England Před dnem

    Quick question, in the two radio telescope example, it was said that there would be no difference if they were one or more wavelengths different. Would you be able to see a difference in amplitude?

  • Rabiosa- 👈𝓕**СК МЕ - СНЕ𝓒𝓚 𝓜𝓨 Р𝓡0𝓕𝓘𝓛Е🔞

    Absolutely jaw dropping how inconceivably huge these supermassive black holes are. I always love it when Veritasium delves into the topic of space.

  • Olenga Gallardo
    Olenga Gallardo Před 2 dny

    This guy is doing his best and is a pretty good science communicator, but imagine how Carl Sagan wouldve narrated this.

  • marcoscolga24
    marcoscolga24 Před 13 dny +806

    For anyone who complains about black hole images being blurry: 0:28
    On a more serious note, seeing the image come together at 10:30 literally dropped my jaw. It's so incredible watching seemingly unrelated patterns coalesce into such an incredible image.

    • Jay Eff
      Jay Eff Před 11 dny

      @Sisaska You can definitely believe in God as a scientist. All that a scientist can interfere with is the creation, if you want to call it that way. We can't use science to proof or disprove God. But I have a problem when religion contradicts science. That's like saying God is misleading us by putting us in a universe with all these rules, where we can predict outcomes correct and create a consistent image of the universe without contradictions, but the bible says something else which contradicts those rules.
      How about saying that nothing existed yesterday and this morning God created the entire universe with you and me and planted memories of our past life straight into our brains. God could certainly do it, and it is not less logical that saying the dinosaurs where flushed away by water and somehow became stone just 4400 years ago.

    • Hubburasool
      Hubburasool Před 12 dny

      Quran 56 - 75, 76 This is the verse which says that the place where the stars fall and. , 77-8 The part that says when the stars are extinguished) This part needs to be defined interprited(For those who mock Quran 109 -6 to you is your religion,and to me,,my religion)

    • Christian Augustin
      Christian Augustin Před 12 dny +3

      @Brian Hale To see a star ignite you would need to know where to look, and when to look. The number of stars in existence is not the number of stars igniting, the sky is incredibly large. And it is not as fast a process as you might think, as it is not like the explosion of an H-bomb (or it would rip the star to shreds). You could look at the Wikipedia page to get a better grasp of how a star is "born", and how hard it is to actually "see" it, than come back and refine your argument.

    • marcoscolga24
      marcoscolga24 Před 12 dny +4

      @Brian Hale Smooth preaching segue man

  • TheLionsize08
    TheLionsize08 Před 9 dny

    That was so cool, thanks a lot, I've always wondered why blackholes were depicted like that! You made it make so much more sense to me now! Even so, it is still fracking mind-blowing to me! (need to save this one to watch again and again)

  • Nency-🔞T[A]P Me!! to Have [𝐒]𝐄𝐗 With 𝐌𝐞

    Absolutely jaw dropping how inconceivably huge these supermassive black holes are. I always love it when Veritasium delves into the topic of space.

  • Csaba Bánki
    Csaba Bánki Před 10 dny

    Mind.. Blown!
    I've tried to learn a lot about black holes for a while now but this video explains so much so well it's fantastic.
    Thank you so much for making these videos!

    ALI ASIF CHOWDHURY Před 10 dny +1

    This is the clearest explanation video about black hole i have ever seen. Now the rest of the black hole videos can make more sense. I would like to see more detailed video about each part/layer of black hole talked about in this video.

  • Clancy James
    Clancy James Před 12 dny +196

    As a radio astronomer myself, I've got to say that your explanation of interferometry was amazing. Might point some of my students towards it!

    • Hubburasool
      Hubburasool Před 12 dny +1

      Quran 56 - 75, 76 This is the verse which says that the place where the stars fall and. , 77-8 The part that says when the stars are extinguished) This part needs to be defined interprited(For those who mock Quran 109 -6 to you is your religion,and to me,,my religion)

    • Tim the Commenter
      Tim the Commenter Před 12 dny +2

      Try pointing two students at the same time from different locations, to see what matches up in their homework. If you do this enough you can probably get a sense of what the video is actually teaching well.

    • Deepayan Mandal
      Deepayan Mandal Před 12 dny +4

      Ma'am, it was so nice to hear from you. I would also love to be like you one day, I love spacetime stuff.

    • H. H.
      H. H. Před 12 dny +14

      I think it's the first explanation I've understood.

  • Matthew B
    Matthew B Před 9 dny

    I could listen to you explaining the image of a black hole everytime :') loved the explanation of how the network of telescopes are able to combine their images and produce the images of the black holes too thank you

  • Keller Eclub
    Keller Eclub Před 9 dny

    I'm fascinated by Black Holes more by their ability to slow time down. And the closest safe habitable zone so someone can stay there to experience the slower time. I hope more videos like this can be made.

  • MrPeterPetrol
    MrPeterPetrol Před 4 dny

    Hello and thank you for the very good explanation of the image tech and science. Just at the end i got lost a bit and would like to ask why, instead of seeing just one brighter spot (as one can see in your simulated image due to the Doppler effect) can we see 3 brighter spots in the real image? Is it because we do see 3 diffent planes of the horizon? Any further explantion would be very much appreciated. Thank you and all the best for your next projects!

  • wimderix
    wimderix Před 10 dny

    Thank you sir, this the most compact but true presentation on the majority of all aspects how we look at black holes. I learned a lot in little time.

  • Aleis in Wndrlen
    Aleis in Wndrlen Před 13 dny +606

    In 2019 we had our first ever look at a black hole, pretty much confirming Einstein's theory of relativity, made over 100 years ago. And 3 years later, we finally captured the image of our galaxy's centre, which was for the longest time thought to be near impossible due to the many space debris and dust clouds covering it. It's truly fascinating to see how far our technology has improved in just a span of a few years.

    • Tucsonan Dude
      Tucsonan Dude Před 10 dny

      Actually, it is NOT einstein's theory of general relativity. It was plagiarized from Hendrik Lorentz and credited to that overly-glorified patent clerk.

    • pyropulse
      pyropulse Před 12 dny

      the 2019 image was only 2 pixels; it literally confirmed nothing, as advanced mathematics they used can literally produce any image you want. The just threw out all the image processing that didn't look like a 'black hole.'

    • Austin G. Designs
      Austin G. Designs Před 12 dny +2

      @notforsale today He has done this on trending videos for years he isn't stopping anytime soon. It is better to ignore him.

  • Eloi Mumford
    Eloi Mumford Před 9 dny

    Really very interesting , i always look at new Veritassium videos , sure to learn something out of ordinary , nobody can explain complicated things so clearly. Thank You. Question could we have in the future a radio-telescope on Mars doing spectacular interferometry ?

  • N00bStore
    N00bStore Před 10 dny

    One of the greatest science explainer videos I've ever seen. Phenomenal job!

  • Felix B.
    Felix B. Před 10 dny

    Super interesting video thank you a lot! Interference is really our best buddy for the detection of the smallest deviations of... well anything.
    Can you elaborate how mass ever falls into a black hole? From the view of an outside observer time at the event horizon should be stretched to infinity. So how would a black hole ever grow?

  • cd Co
    cd Co Před 8 dny

    Hello Veritiasium, i tried to search for any of your videos explaining how does activated charcoal absorbs/removes odor. I tried researching and most of them claim that they can remove odor, but i am interested to understand the mechanism of action. thanks

  • The Boots
    The Boots Před 13 dny +779

    I've gotta hand it to you-- this was one of the most easily understandable explanations of why we see what we see in these pictures I've ever experienced. Absolutely outstanding work of science communication that makes incredibly complex material understandable without dumbing anything down.

    • Merlin
      Merlin Před 11 dny

      @Hubburasool Your Quran surah 56 verse 76 - and this, if only you knew, is indeed a great oath-
      Your Quran surah 56 verse 77 - that this is truly a noble Quran,
      Your Quran surah 56 verse 78 - in a well-preserved Record,
      Literally none of those mention about stars whatsoever, it's pathetic how people like you make up things.

    • Hubburasool
      Hubburasool Před 12 dny

      Quran 56 - 75, 76 This is the verse which says that the place where the stars fall and. , 77-8 The part that says when the stars are extinguished) This part needs to be defined interprited(For those who mock Quran 109 -6 to you is your religion,and to me,,my religion)

    • Rafał Pawłowski
      Rafał Pawłowski Před 12 dny +3

      The sequence generating black hole image from those stripes was a real mind = blown moment.

  • Cheuk Ling Lau
    Cheuk Ling Lau Před 3 dny

    I like to watch his video. He explains things more clearly and simple. For me, like a non english communication people, I can understand the things easier.

  • I am not pro
    I am not pro Před 9 dny +2

    15:37 This animation explained all. I loved how he explained the image of black hole and we seeing a whole sphere around black hole in the circular image we see was mind blowing learning 😊
    Keep up the good work Veritasium❤💕

  • David Winsemius
    David Winsemius Před 10 dny

    Really great discussion/demonstration. Best I've found so far. I came here after a dissappointing discussion at the Perimeter Institute channel, so you beat the PI on this one. High marks. Well done.

  • 10 ON 10 - Travel & Entertainment

    *universe is so crazy to grasp, at one time you get the feeling of existential crisis on the another instance you want to fly in the space and see what all is happening in the space, sometimes you feel if you had the superpower to go back in time that would have been great...*

    • R T
      R T Před 3 dny +2

      Why is this so on point? Nooooooo😭😭💔

  • Dissident Undead
    Dissident Undead Před 13 dny +303

    Your explanation of the warping of spacetime and how it contorts the image we receive was excellent. Thank you

    • John Damage
      John Damage Před 13 dny

      @Bearly Listening Thornhill?

    • Bearly Listening
      Bearly Listening Před 13 dny +1

      @David Villa Exactly. Spacetime is a concept, not an object. Mathematical models cannot be warped like objects. Mathematical models do not exist anywhere in the universe besides the human imagination.

    • A-10 Warthog
      A-10 Warthog Před 13 dny

      John 3:16
      New International Version
      16 For God so loved(A) the world that he gave(B) his one and only Son,(C) that whoever believes(D) in him shall not perish but have eternal life.(E) 🙏!!

    • David Villa
      David Villa Před 13 dny +6

      @Bearly Listening spacetime is a mathematical model that combines the three dimensions of space with one dimension of time. Thus creating one four-dimensional manifold


    This guy needs some kind of highest award for teaching humanity in such a easier way for us to understand
    This guy never disappoints

    MUTHU KRISHNAN K Před 7 dny

    Sir, I have a doubt. In super massive stars, do the helium atoms(resulted from hydrogen fusion) start fusion to form carbon only after all the hydrogen atoms are fused and used up (to form helium)?

  • Rameshwar Shi
    Rameshwar Shi Před 7 dny +1

    Would love to see simulation of Black Hole created with the help of Meta Materials.
    If possible to bend or refract light to such an extent, that we can actually see the light around it as the way we'd see around Black Holes.

  • Henning
    Henning Před dnem

    This was so well explained! Amazing

  • Alex the Average
    Alex the Average Před 12 dny +453

    When I was a kid I was OBSESSED with space and especially black holes! I remember my junior high science teacher saying they were only "theoretically there" but probably were, and that bummed me out for some reason. He said though we likely wouldn't know in my lifetime if they were surely there let alone what they look like. Yet here we are and I'm absolutely blown away!! I love being alive during a time when more and more amazing steps are being taken in space exploration. I'm 30 now and I can only imagine what things will be like in another 30 years!

    • Open your 3rd eye 👁
      Open your 3rd eye 👁 Před 10 dny

      @Cullen McDonald exactly

    • Cullen McDonald
      Cullen McDonald Před 12 dny

      I'm 30 and I used to be obsessed with space too... Then I grew up and started thinking for myself and know I know space is fake and this is a bunch of malarkey... Space is as real as Santa lol

    • Trinity 93
      Trinity 93 Před 12 dny

      @Johnny Fedora You’re right, I was just buzzing on his enthusiasm. At least we can all use the time we have left to learn as much as we can so we can pass it on to our children and grandchildren.

    • 0.roaches
      0.roaches Před 12 dny

      @Sayantan Mitra I do NOT want that

  • Márton Nagy
    Márton Nagy Před 7 dny

    Derek is one of the few CZcamsrs (= Science Educators) making CZcams making sense at all. It is incredibly hard to explain complicated topics in a way that any reasonably educated people can understand. Great work!

  • N cM
    N cM Před 4 dny

    This is both fascinating and absolutely terrifying. Thank you.

  • jameswhatsit
    jameswhatsit Před 8 dny

    Thankyou for your explanation, while I’ve known about the gravitational lensing of those images, this is the first time I’ve managed to comprehend it!
    Question for a space themed video, why do most orbits seem to follow a “2D (to the scale)” path (ie. solar system and milky way galaxy are normally pictured with “flat” orbits). Is this a pop-science misconception, gravitational or statistical cause, or some weird spacetime thing?

    • jameswhatsit
      jameswhatsit Před 8 dny

      @H. de Jong thank you :)

    • H. de Jong
      H. de Jong Před 8 dny +1

      When you have a cloud of material that contracts, it starts rotating. any velocity vector perpendicular to that rotation tends to be cancelled out by collisions, and all matter ends up orbiting in the same plane.

  • Naud van Dalen
    Naud van Dalen Před 8 dny

    This is a really interesting and informative video about black holes. It's very impressive how astronomers have been able to create this image of the Milky Way's black hole.

  • panner11
    panner11 Před 13 dny +232

    The continuous zoom-in from a relatively wide view of the night sky all the way to the stars surrounding the black hole really puts things into perspective.

  • Curse
    Curse Před 9 dny

    Assuming nothing else better comes around, I hope in the future we have telescopes such as this located on other planets that are able to transmit data back to us and provide us with far greater ranges and resolutions of what we can achieve right now.

  • Alban Vieille
    Alban Vieille Před 22 hodinami

    Thanks a lot for the very simple and intuitive explanation of the way long base interferometry works!!

  • Brother Frojd
    Brother Frojd Před 8 dny

    this is by far the best video I've ever seen went in comes to explaining how a black hole looks and behaves. Heck it might even be the first to ever describe it so well and easily understanding.

  • GetMoGaming
    GetMoGaming Před 9 dny

    You did it again, Derek! I always wondered why there seemed to be more than one accretion disc. Absolutely fascinating.👍👍👍

  • Dominic LoBue
    Dominic LoBue Před 13 dny +642

    As technically impressive as these renderings are, the clip showing those stars zooming around apparently nothing is what blows my mind. I feel like I could watch that for hours and still be fascinated...

    • Konw The Trut!!!!!
      Konw The Trut!!!!! Před 10 dny +3

      @Brian Hale you're really hung up on this one. I really don't know what else to say to you. Write a peer reviewed journal on this, I guess. You'd win the nobel prize for your discoveries, for sure. You'd get more going that route than what you can get from writing comments on youtube.
      Go get yourself that prize, my guy.

    • Brian Hale
      Brian Hale Před 10 dny

      @Konw The Trut!!!!! no one should call themselves a scientist and say that plasma fusion is a slow process which is unobservable.

    • Konw The Trut!!!!!
      Konw The Trut!!!!! Před 10 dny +1

      @Brian Hale well, we haven't observed every star ever so there's still a lot we haven't seen. I also think you need to brush up on in terms of astronomy. Lemme guess, your astronomy lessons came from the Bible?

  • Simon Nom
    Simon Nom Před 10 dny +12

    Every time I see explanations about space I'm incredibly humbled of my own existence.

  • Silentghost
    Silentghost Před 9 dny

    The more amazing things is that this event may have taken many many centuries ago because our space is so huge that even light takes good amount of time to travel

  • Cybernaut13
    Cybernaut13 Před 9 dny

    I am amazed how much astronomy has to offer in careers, I enjoy learning about Sagitarious A*, thank you!

  • QQpapababy
    QQpapababy Před 7 dny

    Thanks for the excellent video to explain the observation of the blackhole. So far, the scientists have taken images of two blackholes with shining rings surrounded. Does it means the imaginary pictures of a dark circle represented for a blackhole need to be replaced by the ring-like images?

  • Helmut and Moshe
    Helmut and Moshe Před 11 dny +359

    It's important to mention that the "movie" of the stars orbiting our central black hole is time-lapse footage spanning nearly 20 years. I showed this to someone unfamiliar with astronomy and physics and the first thing they said is "the stars move that fast?!" - thinking that it was somehow real time footage.

    • Henry Siegertsz
      Henry Siegertsz Před 5 dny +1

      Wow, are people outside mainstream cosmology really that stupid?
      Almost as stupid as thinking the image shows an accretion disc with a black hole at the center, as if the image is taken in plan from directly above or below viewing along the spin axis of the galaxy, a neat trick for Earth or any galactic body-based telescopes.
      Or does it not occur to anyone else that if we were to observe the accretion disc of our own galaxy's black hole from here on Earth, we'd actually see it edge on?

    • cheo a
      cheo a Před 6 dny


    • AlphaLanguste
      AlphaLanguste Před 6 dny +2

      @blown215 while the speed of our solar system seems really high because it's a high number. compared to the distances involved we move very very slowly.

    • blown215
      blown215 Před 6 dny +1

      Our solar system is moving with an average velocity of 450,000 miles per hour (away from the center). How can we make footage of this hole for nearly 20 years! That's a lot of miles apart!

    • Helmut and Moshe
      Helmut and Moshe Před 7 dny +5

      @Drinkyoghurt Relativistic time dilation on any of those stars in the time lapse would not be that significant - they are too far away for that. The closest approach for any of them has been about 13 billion km or about twice the distance from earth to Pluto - they would need to be about 50 - 100 times closer for the dilation to be very significant. The other thing to consider is that (much like in the movie Interstellar) for anyone close enough to experience significant time dilation, they would not feel anything different - their own time passage would appear perfectly normal to THEM. However, if they were to observe people further away from the black hole - they would see those people, ( their clocks, their time) moving more quickly. But, flipping it around, from the perspective of the people further away from the black hole looking at their own time, all local time seems perfectly normal to them, i.e. all of their own clocks and time passage would be normal. However, those same people looking back at the person near the black hole WOULD see that person's time moving more slowly.

  • CYGNETURE Sounds
    CYGNETURE Sounds Před 5 dny

    Wow, the combination of all the different wavelength distortion blew my mind.
    Such an elegant solution!

  • Two strudels Please
    Two strudels Please Před 9 dny +18

    Took me a minute to distinguish when he’s referring to the event horizon or the Event Horizon™️.
    It would make more sense if you added a brief sentence explaining what a black hole’s event horizon is in this video as well, I thought he was referring to the telescope in the intervening clip!
    Excellent job overall!

    • Gillsing
      Gillsing Před 7 dny

      What? Event horizon is a telescope? I thought it was a film that you don't need eyes to see!

    • L. Zevi Creations
      L. Zevi Creations Před 8 dny +1

      @Robert Pruitt I am VERY certian "Two strudels Please" that you replied to knows that an event horizon is!
      They were not asking for it to be explained in the video, just clarification that they were talking about the part of the black hole not the telescope, that goes by the same name!

    • Robert Pruitt
      Robert Pruitt Před 9 dny +7

      Absolutely not necessary.
      There are thousands of videos on CZcams explaining exactly what a black hole is in excruciating detail.
      we do not have time as a species for every single science video on every single subject to start at the very beginning because some people won't go and look up what they don't know, and want to have everything spoon-fed to them.
      You clicked on a video specifically talking about a picture, and the title made that clear.
      if you want to know how a black hole is formed, or what all of the parts are called, go click on a video about that. Don't expect everybody in the world to spoon feed you every ounce of information you have in your head.

  • Breno Raizer
    Breno Raizer Před 7 dny

    I find this beautifull
    From the interferance pattern mapping composing a picture (looks like a Fourier transformation, but applied to an image)
    Up to the description of the image, and how the warping in space affects what you see
    simply gorgeus

  • Kaveh Bak
    Kaveh Bak Před 7 dny

    So perfectly explained, learnt a lot :)

  • lyrixnchill
    lyrixnchill Před 12 dny +203

    It's one thing to be able to understand the nuance of all this. Its mind boggling (to me) that humans collectively were able to figure these mysteries out using logic and observational measurements.

    • AJ Labbe
      AJ Labbe Před 11 dny +1

      @K's Commentary There's a "photo" ( we have no proof a "camera" took the picture) but that photo of a blurry orange circle thing followed by cartoons and CGI is called Programming.
      We can witness Programming in real time!
      Just by reading these comments I can see the Programming happening.

    • AJ Labbe
      AJ Labbe Před 11 dny

      @Neorath 🤣 great comment!

    • AJ Labbe
      AJ Labbe Před 11 dny +1

      @Mike Kane I agree. Made up, indeed!

      MAXTV333 THESUPERSTAR Před 11 dny

      @K's Commentary what do you believe?

    • Flying Colors
      Flying Colors Před 12 dny

      @K's Commentary we're talking about the bleeding edge of science ! How can common sense be enough ?

  • G!rl 0n Ca📸 L!ve
    G!rl 0n Ca📸 L!ve Před 10 dny

    The way you describe the 'Earth sized" telescope at 10 minutes was so perfect.

  • Usman Liaquat
    Usman Liaquat Před 3 dny

    Just a question, as black hole is a thing that has massive gravitational pull such that even light can not escape it, is this pull uniform all around the black hole? If so, should the light be absorbed into it from all around and its should Instead appear as a ball of light?

  • G K
    G K Před 5 dny

    This was just awesome. But I actually had a doubt, where does Hawking radiation fit into the explanation that you gave? Don’t we see that? To be honest I only have a little knowledge of waves and interference. Since I just completed school and so don’t really know much about the Hawking radiation and am genuinely curious

  • Neo yaSechaba
    Neo yaSechaba Před 10 dny

    Thank you. I for the longest time wondered what we are seeing when looking at images or even impressions of blackholes, I wondered why they looked like that. 😊😊😊